Jose Maria Canlas Sison (born February 8, 1939), also known by his nickname Joma, is a Filipino writer and activist who founded the Communist Party of the Philippines and A Maoist element was added to its philosophy – which would be called national democracy. He applies Marxism-Leninism-Maoist theory to the history and current state of the Philippines.
Since August 2002, he has been listed by the United States as a “Sponsor of Terrorism”. The EU’s second highest court ruled in September 2009 to remove him as a “sponsor of terrorism” and overturn a decision by member governments to freeze his assets. Sison has been a recognized political refugee in the Netherlands since 1988 and is protected by the Refugee Convention and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
Sison was born on February 8, 1939, into a prominent landlord family in Cabogo, of Spanish-Mexican-Malay descent and Chinese Hokkien, with ties to other prominent clans such as Crisólogos, Geraldinos, Vergaras, Azcuetas, Sollers , Theranos and the Hinsons. His great-grandfather, Don Leandro Serrano, was the largest landowner in northern Luzon in the late 19th century.
His grandfather, Don Gorgonio Soller Sison, was the last governor of Cabogo under Spanish colonial rule, municipal chairman under the Philippine Revolutionary government and the first mayor under American colonial rule. His uncle, Don Marcelino Crisólogo, was the first governor of Ilocos Sur. His uncle, Teófilo Sison, was the governor of Pangasinan province and the first Minister of Defense of the federal government.
He was convicted in 1946 for collusion with the Japanese occupation forces, but was pardoned in 1947. During Ilocos’ childhood, he learned of the Hook Rebellion in central Luzon from Ilocano farm workers and his mother who belonged to a landowner’s family. In Mexico, Pampanga. While attending high school in Manila, he talked to the barber about the Hukbalahap event. Unlike his older siblings, he attended a public school before attending Ateneo de Manila University and later at San Juan de Letland College.