Who was Harriet Tubman? – Movie, history and cause of death

Harriet Tubman continued to show her tenacity by living to the age of 93, dying on March 10, 1913 from pneumonia.
She spent the last two years of her life living in the very home she created to help others less fortunate. She later remarried and dedicated her life to helping freed slaves, the elderly and Women’s Suffrage.
She died surrounded by loved ones on March 10, 1913, at approximately 91 years of age. Her last words were, I go to prepare a place for you.” Tubman’s accomplishments are, of course, hard to summarize.
Harriet Tubman was buried at Fort Hill Cemetery, a historically significant cemetery located in Auburn, New York. It was incorporated on May 15, 1851 under its official name: “Trustees of the Fort Hill Cemetery Association of Auburn”.

Who was Harriet Tubman?

Harriet Tubman was born into slavery in Maryland, fled to Northern Liberty in 1849 and became the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad. Tubman risked his life to free hundreds of family members and other slaves from the plantation system in this elaborate secret network of safe houses. Tubman was a leading abolitionist prior to the American Civil War, and also aided the Union Army during the war, including as a spy.

After the Civil War, Tubman devoted his life to helping impoverished former slaves and the elderly. In honor of her life and at popular demand, the U.S. Treasury Department announced in 2016 that Tubman would replace Andrew Jackson as the center of the new $20 bill.

Early life and family

Tubman’s date of birth is unknown, but may have been between 1820 and 1825. She was one of nine children born to enslaved parents in Dorchester County, Maryland, between 1808 and 1832. Her mother, Harriet “Rit” Green, is owned by Mary Pattison Brodess. Her father, Ben Ross, was owned by Anthony Thompson (Thompson and Broads eventually married).

Tubman, originally named Alaminta Harriet Ross, was nicknamed “Mindy” by her parents. Araminta changed her name to Harriet before and after her marriage, possibly in honor of her mother.

Tubman’s early life was full of hardships. Mary Brodess’ son Edward divided the family by selling the three Tubman sisters to far-flung plantations. When a Georgia businessman approached Broads about the purchase of Rhett’s youngest son, Moses, Rhett successfully resisted further disintegration of her family and set a powerful example for her young daughter .

For Tubman and her family, physical violence is part of everyday life. The violence she suffered in her early years resulted in permanent bodily harm. Tubman later recalled one particular day when she was whipped five times before breakfast. She was scarred for the rest of her life.

The most serious injuries occurred when Tubman was young. When she is sent to a dry goods store to buy supplies, she encounters a slave who leaves the field without permission. The man’s warden asked Tubman to stop the escapee. When Tubman refused, the warden threw a two-pound weight that hit her in the head. Tubman suffered from seizures, severe headaches and narcolepsy for the rest of his life. She also experienced intense dreaming, which she classifies as a religious experience.

For Tubman and her family, the lines between freedom and slavery are blurred. Tubman’s father, Ben, was released from slavery at the age of 45, as stipulated in the previous owner’s will. Nonetheless, Ben has little opportunity other than continuing to work as a timber appraiser and foreman for his previous owner.

Although similar release terms applied to Reiter and her children, those who owned the family chose not to release them. Despite his free status, Ben has little ability to challenge her decision.

Husband and children

In 1844, Harriet married a free black man named John Tubman. At the time, about half of African Americans on Maryland’s east coast were free, and it was not uncommon for a family to include both free and enslaved people.

Little is known about John or his marriage to Harriet, including whether and how long they lived together. Any child they might have would be considered a slave, as the status of the mother would determine the status of all offspring. John refuses to ride the subway with Harriet, preferring to stay in Maryland with his new wife.

In 1869, Tubman married a Civil War veteran named Nelson Davis. In 1874, the couple adopted a little girl named Gertie.

subway and siblings

Between 1850 and 1860, Tubman made 19 trips from south to north along the network known as the Underground Railroad. She led more than 300 people, including her parents and several siblings, from slavery to freedom and was nicknamed “Moses” for her leadership.

Tubman first encountered the Underground Railroad in 1849, when she herself used it to escape slavery. After illness and the death of her owner, Tubman decided to escape slavery in Maryland to Philadelphia. She fears that her family will be further divided, and fears her fate as a sick slave with no financial worth.

On September 17, 1849, she was accompanied by her two brothers, Ben and Harry. However, after the Cambridge Democrats issued a notice offering a $300 reward for Araminta’s return, Harry and Ben reconsidered and returned to the plantation. Tubman had no intention of remaining a slave. Seeing her brothers safe at home, she soon traveled to Pennsylvania alone.

Using the Underground Railroad, Tubman traveled nearly 90 miles to Philadelphia. With a sense of relief, she crossed the Free State, Pennsylvania, later recalling: “When I realized I had crossed that line, I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person. It was a glory above all. The sun was like gold through the trees and fields and I felt like I was in heaven.”

Instead of staying in the safety of the North, Tubman made it her mission to rescue her family and others living in slavery via the Underground Railroad. In December 1850, Tubman was warned that her niece Kesia would be sold along with their two young children. Kessiah’s husband, a free black man named John Bowley, sold his wife at an auction in Baltimore. Tubman then helped the family travel to Philadelphia. This was the first of many Tubman journeys.

The drive to escape slavery changed in 1850 with the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act. The law allowed runaway slaves from the North to be captured and re-slaved, leading to the kidnapping of former slaves and free blacks living in free states. Law enforcement officers in the North were forced to assist in the capture of slaves, regardless of their personal principles.

In response to the law, Tubman rerouted the Underground Railroad to Canada, which categorically outlawed slavery. In December 1851, Tubman led 11 fugitives north. There is evidence the party stopped at the home of abolitionist and former slave Frederick Douglass.

In April 1858, Tubman was introduced to abolitionist John Brown, who advocated the use of force to undermine and destroy the slave system. Tubman had the same goals as Brown, and at least tolerated his approach. Tubman claimed to have received a prophecy from Brown before their meeting.

When Brown began recruiting supporters to attack slave owners at Harper’s Ferry, he turned to “General Tubman” for help. After Brown was subsequently executed, Tubman praised him as a martyr.

Tubman remained active during the Civil War. Tubman served as a cook and nurse in the Union Army and quickly became an armed scout and spy. As the first woman to lead an armed expedition in war, she led the Combahee River Raid, freeing more than 700 slaves in South Carolina.

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